Those milestone chairs
Chairs, as an indispensable part of our lives, we rarely pay attention to them. As for chairs and designers, you may know very little about them. Today, we will share with you the history of the 30-year history of those landmark chair designs.
1. Ms. Blanche, designed by Cangjie Shilang in 1998 (1988)
A rare home work and very expressive. Cangjie Shilang named his plastic resin and his plastic chair with aluminum tube stool legs. Referring to the illusion of the unfortunate heroine's residence in A Streetcar Named Desire, the fake petals are cast into the armrests and the excess air bubbles are drawn to ensure a flawless appearance. As one of the most influential designers in Japan, Cangjie Shilang has been influencing it to this day. Two years after his death, his 70kg chair was sent to Vitra Home.
2. The antelope chair designed by Jonathan Crinion is a milestone in the Canadian design community. (1988)
Jonathan Crinion's chair has a tortuous beginning. In 2002, Keilhauer re-introduced the chair at NeoCon, PamelaYoung wrote in Azure, and the manufacturer resurrected the antelope chair. The indoor and outdoor coffee chairs designed by Jonathan Crinion have become a model of Canadian design. The chair was introduced in 1988, and the designer regained the license for the chair 12 years later because its former manufacturer did not continue to pay the copyright tax. Following the original design, people now use an all-metal antelope chair with some slatted wood.
3. Silver chair designed by Vico Magistretti in 1989
Born into a family of art, Vico Magistrett was an Italian art master and influenced by his contemporary Achille Castiglioni and Enzo Mari. He is also an artist who specializes in classics, and the silver chair is a good example. Magistretti is obsessed with Marcel Breuer's chair S32 designed for Thonet. So he set out to recreate the classic productions of the 1920s in a modern way. He replaced the wicker backrest and seat plate with high-grade plastic and replaced the U-shaped steel tube with four aluminum legs. This piece is famous for his work. This chair also represents the heyday of De Padova, the Italian company that still produces the chair.
4. Rose chair designed by Masanori Umeda in 1990
Only a few years after the EDRA brand chair was established, the rose chair was born, and the rose chair also hinted at the extremely unusual design that was coming. Italian producers are known for their successful designs (FAVELA chairs designed by CAMPANAS brothers) and are also known for their failed designs (leather chairs, designed by CAMPANAS brothers) but most important It captures the opportunity and establishes its own brand in a very unusual design. According to the Salone del Mobile exhibition, the rose chair is undoubtedly a historical milestone, and the production of rose petals is also a challenge in itself: from a production point of view, because of their pursuit of hybrid advanced technology and The elaborate craftsmanship is very complicated, and they don't take the usual path – designing the seat without any scruples in the shape of the flower, and the craftsmanship, technology and design concept of making the chair are not reproducible.
5. 1991 S chair designed by TOM BIXON
Back in the era of this choice of smooth copper-toned products, this hand-crafted chair made of metal and wheat straw made TOM DIXON a celebrity. In his book DIXONARY, DIXON elaborates on the design ideas behind his self-breakthrough. He recalls: "·····Really, the only thing I remember is that I drew a picture on the back of a napkin. Chicken graffiti and I think I can make it into a chair. My slightly successful design seems to be interpreted in different ways, and these interpretations are often very different from the original idea. If you look at the original starting point This S chair is a chicken for me. For others, this chair is often described as a female figure, while others are a cluster of flames, or some popular in the 1860s. The product." CAPPELLINI, the Italian brand furniture company that makes chairs with ecological leather, is constantly discovering new talents and starting their own business.
6. Ailong office chair designed by Bill Stowe and Don Chadwick in 1994
The birth of this work chair has revolutionary significance that cannot be achieved. Stripped all the unnecessary materials and chose the mesh back and cushions that were unheard of in that era. The Ailong chair is also one of the first designs to focus on waste disposal in furniture design. Its fame is almost because of its own design. Originally designed for the elderly, it was used to replace the foam cushioned recliner in the nursing home. It was subsequently launched as an office chair for testing, and the market generally did not evaluate its appearance. (Malkom Ladwell describes the unpleasant details of the pre-release in his book "Decision") was snapped up by Internet companies in the 1990s, but at that time it was considered a symbol of design failure. . Now, it is more popular than ever and is the most famous product of Herman Miller.
7. Droog designed rope knot chair in 1995
Marcel Wanders is actually a private label, and his peer Moooi is almost synonymous with modern Dutch design. But this time he launched the Droog-designed chair that combines high-end and grassroots technology. The rope used for weaving is a material that combines aramid* and carbon fiber, and the shape of the chair is braided with such a rope, then immersed in an epoxy resin, and then dried. Droog remembers the first show of the chair - the launch of the work in a series of exhibitions in Milan - which caused a commotion at the time: "On the opening day, people flocked and the police had to use the police to maintain the outside of the exhibition hall. Traffic.” Cappellini bought the work until the product was discontinued in 2011.
* Aramid: used to make lightweight high-strength synthetic fibers such as radial tires and bulletproof vests.
8. The percussion chair designed by Marijn van der Poll in 2000 (2000)
Another representative of Droog's design, the percussion chair, knocked out the traditional type of seat design at the turn of the century. Its packaging itself is a provocation: a stainless steel box and a hammer, you can use a hammer to create a chair shape as you wish - at the same time you can also vent. Of course it's not everyone's favorite (the New York Times slams it as a "bad" sculpture disguised as useless furniture), but -- like a similar beat vase -- it reflects the subversive spirit of Droog design members.
9. The smoke chair designed by Maarten Baas in 2002 (2002)
Is there any way to represent forward looking than the way in which the symbol of the past is burned? The smoke chair series marks the arrival of another bad child on the design stage. As a graduate of his design at the Eindhoven School of Design, Maarten Baas burned the chairs of Rietveld, Frank Lloyd Wright, Eames, Gaudí and others. As the first big move of Moooi, Moooi selected three pieces for production, simply assembled the chairs and then ignited them. As for Baas, he went on to start other special design projects, such as clay series and real-time series. In an interview with Azure in 2010, Baas, the chief designer of the Miami Design Fair at the time, stated: “In the world of design, 90% of what you see is very rational, you can explain why it is so good. I think True beauty is in nature, but it is often difficult to explain or irrational."
10. Patricia Urquiola's fjord designed by Patricia Ochella in 2002 (2002)
Before being became a household name by the media such as Fast Company, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal, the prolific Patricia Ochella had already carried the seat she designed. The fjord "steps into the spotlight of the Milan Furniture Fair. This chair (shown in a recent furniture update) is typical of the Ochila style, and she incorporates personal color into the industrial life. ("I use irony to interpret my personal problems," she said in an interview with Azure in 2007.) The fjord is one of her more restrained designs, she then created Volant, Antibodi Biknit, Bohemia for Moroso Ya and other gorgeous soft seat designs are positioned as interiors, which are an important part of the final product. Injecting feminine style into Italian modernism, the cooperation between Moroso and Ochella finally ushered in beautiful results.